14I4O01 - Diagnostic imaging

Course specification
Course titleDiagnostic imaging
AcronymVeterinary Medicine
Type of studyIntegrated academic studies
Lecturer (for classes)
  1. prof. dr Nikola Krstić
  2. prof. dr Mirjana Lazarević-Macanović
  3. doc. dr Marko Mitrović
Lecturer/Associate (for practice)
  1. doc. dr Marko Mitrović
Lecturer/Associate (for OTC)
    ConditionPassed exams in anatomy, pathological physiology, general and special pathologie. Enrolled VII semester.
    The goalStudents should get acquainted with the principles, possibilities and limitations of radiological, ultrasound and endoscope diagnostics. During the course the students will acquire the skills needed to analyze and interpret the obtained images in order to disclose the existing pathological processes and offer a valid and true diagnosis.
    The outcomeStudents will master the art of imaging; recognize and analyze the pathological changes present on a x-ray film,; will know how to perform an ultrasound examination; will interpret the obtained US images and make a diagnosis based upon them; will obtain the skills needed to perform endoscopy; take tissue samples by endoscopy.
    Contents of lecturesX-ray features and their interaction with matter (2). Roentgen cabinet and equipment (2). Geometry of the radiological image. Tissue shadows (1). Roendgenoscopy, rendgenography, native images, contrast imaging, elements of Rö anatomy, physiology and pathology (3). Prevention and protection from ionizing radiations (1). Rö diagnostics of diseases of the respiratory and cardiovascular system (3), urogenital (3), digestive (5) and skeletal system (5). Forensic Rö diagnostics (1). Physical features of ultrasound, ultrasound equipment (3). Interpretation of an ultrasound image and artifacts (3). Liver, spleen, pancreas, kidneys and adrenals, urethra and bladder ultrasound (6). Echocardiography (2). Endoscopy imaging and endoscopic examination of the digestive and respiratory systems (5).
    Contents of exercisesRö cabinet. Handling a Rö machine, roendgenoscopy (2). Roendgenography (2). Description of Rö images of the respiratory and cardiovascular (2), urogenital (2), digestive (2) and skeletal system (6). Description of ultrasonograms of abdominal organs (6) and of the heart (2). Endoscopy techniques (4).
    1. Gligorijević, J., Petrović, B., Osnovi radiologije, Zavod za izdavanje udžbenika socijalističke republike Srbije, Beograd, 1970. (Original title)
    2. Petrović, B., Janković-Zagorčić, A., Veterinarska radiologija, Veterinarski fakultet i Savez veterinara i veterinarskih tehničara Jugoslavije, Beograd, 1985. (Original title)
    3. Krstić, N., Lazarević-Macanović, M., Practicals in radiology for veterinary medicine students, publisher authors, Belgrade, 2002.
    4. Krstić, N., Krstić, V., Rendgenologic and endoscopic diagnostics of digestive and respiratory system diseases of dogs and cats, publisher authors, Belgrade, 2007.
    5. Krstić N., Lazarević Macanović M ,, Milošević H., Physical principles of radiological and ultrasound diagnostics, publishers authors, Belgrade, 2014
    6. Šehić M: Clinical X-ray in veterinary medicine, University of Zagreb, Veterinary Faculty, Zagreb, 2002.
    Number of hours per week during the semester/trimester/year
    LecturesExercisesOTCStudy and ResearchOther classes
    Methods of teachingPower Point presentations for each lecture. A collection of several hundred X-ray radiographs for performing practical lessons, as well as working with sick animals in the Cabinet for ultrasound and endoscopic diagnostics.
    Knowledge score (maximum points 100)
    Pre obligationsPointsFinal examPoints
    Activites during lectures0Test paper30
    Practical lessons7Oral examination40